Salafy Ink Publications

Repenting From Minhaj Mistakes

The Allaamah Abu Muhammad Rabee' ibn Haadi al-Madkhalee (hafithahullah) was asked about an individual who there has come from him oppositions in matters of Manhaj. Is it sufficient enough for him that there is clarification and rectification or is it enough for him to say, ‘I have repented from that’?

The Shaykh (hafithahullah) responded:

Never! He has to clarify until he makes it apparent to the people his rectification. What did Umar (radi Allahu ‘anhu) do with Sabeegh? He beat him and threw him in prison. He beat him and threw him in prison. He beat him and threw him in prison. Why? All of this because he used to ask about:

وَالذَّارِيَاتِ ذَرْوًا

and the likes of that. He wasn't an innovator; he was one who had doubts such as these. He was causing confusion upon the people with questions like these. Umar (radi Allahu ‘anhu) came and turned him away (from that which he was upon) with the beating and imprisonment many times. Lastly, he said to him (Umar),

Oh commander of the believers, if you want that which is in my head to leave, then indeed it has left. If you want to kill me then do well in the killing of me.

Umar (radi Allahu ‘anhu) commanded that he be taken to Iraaq. He also commanded that the people of Iraaq boycott him. He was like the scabbed camel. If someone wanted to speak to him it would be said to him,

This is the decree of the commander of the believers, so no one is to talk to him.

This went on until his repentance became clear in a complete way along with the soundness of his repentance. The governor (of Iraaq) wrote to him (Umar),

Indeed so and so has become upright and the soundness of his repentance has become clear.

Umar (radi Allahu ‘anhu) said,

Command the people to speak to him now.

Therefore (based upon what has been mentioned), it is a must for (the likes of) this individual that his repentance is apparent along with his truthfulness. That is because we have experienced many people who have with them evasive trickery. The person is sly like the fox and he maneuvers around. He says, “I have repented and returned back (to the truth).” Then you don't perceive that he goes around here and there whispering (to people) the falsehood which he claimed he retracted from.

These type of people, it is befitting that we look into their situation and be deliberate regarding the person until he makes apparent for us the truthfulness of his repentance. After that, he is our brother (upon Salafiyyah). He is our brother (upon Salafiyyah). You (all) know that the noble companion Ka'b ibn Maalik (radi Allahu ‘anhu) had partaken in all of the battles except the battle of Badr. It did not please him that there would be for him a sickness (that would have prevented him from) the pledge of allegiance of ‘Aqabah which he gave the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) or the battle of Badr. He stayed back from participating in the battle of Tabook. This was not done out of disbelief or hypocrisy. When the Messenger of Allaah returned, those who had excuses (as to why they did not participate in the battle of Tabook) came to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and gave their excuses. He accepted that which was outwardly from them and left their inner affair to Allaah. Then after that Allaah exposed that which was with them of the lies (which they told). As for Ka'b ibn Maalik, Hilaal ibn Umayyah, and a third man (Muraarah ibn ar-Rabee'ah) they were truthful regarding the excuse (of why they stayed back). The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said,

As for these individuals, they were truthful.

However, he adjourned their affair until forty nights later, then completing fifty nights. No one spoke to them (during this time). These individuals repented, acknowledged (their mistake) and did everything (that was upon them to do). However, with that this severe punishment was imposed upon them. No one from the people of Madeenah spoke to them. This is the prophetic methodology, may Allaah bless you. Making repentance is not a game. After fifty nights the revelation came down from the heavens (clarifying their matter). If the matter (of them being boycotted) would have continued for years (due to Allaah's command), the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) along with the Sahaabah would have continued to boycott them; however, after fifty nights the mercy of Allaah descended with the acceptance of the repentance of these individuals. The Muslims were happy with this acceptance of the repentance (from Allaah for these individuals).

We have experienced many of the people of desires. The person says,

“I swear by Allaah I have returned back (to the truth), I swear by Allaah I have returned back (to that which is correct), I have returned back.”

Then you don't see this person except that he is spreading his innovations here and there. So we have this experience (in dealing with these people). The point -by Allaah- is that we are happy with the repentance (of one who has erred). We encourage it. However, we have been stung many times, over and over by those who claim to have made repentance then after that the absence of their truthfulness, along with the cunningness becomes apparent.

If the person repents and turns back to Allaah and after some time his (truthfulness of making) repentance becomes apparent, all praise is due to Allaah for this. He is our brother (in Salafiyyah) and his status will return Inshaa Allaah. However, if it becomes apparent other (than that), then we would have taken our precaution from him.

The questioner went on to ask,

Oh shaykh, of course he has made his repentance apparent, how are the dealings supposed to be with him being that he repented?

Shaykh Rabee' (hafithahullah) responds,

By Allaah he remains under careful watch. As for giving in to him and throwing oneself under his care before we know his truthfulness, this is from hastiness! What did I just mention to you? What was the reason for me mentioning the previous examples of Ka'b ibn Maalik and Sabeegh? Why? For the purpose of taking caution. It's not the case that he says: {I repent} and he returns back, he teaches and he comes (to us) raising his view. It's a must that he becomes free (from that which he was upon of opposition).